Replacement Refinement Reduction (Animal) What are the three R's. Microglia are involved in brain development and the communication of information among neurons. A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. Deception in research is one area where balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and validity against ethics is always a very difficult process. Updated by the SRCD Governing Council in March 2007. Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows: A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. An experiment, which is unethical as an idea, cannot be considered ethical simply because the research follows an ethical procedure. Ethics is not limited to the treatment of human and animal subjects. 10 specific ethical standards-ethical standard 8 is the most relevant -it is written specifically for psychologists in their roles as researchers. Which subdivision of the nervous system helped calm down and restore Paul's body functioning back to normal? The term endorphin is actually a combination of the words _____ and _____. Research ethics govern the standards of conduct for scientific researchers. It may also be helpful to consult the HCPC guidance. Browse. An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. Animal research continues to play a vital role in psychology, enabling discoveries of basic psychological and physiological processes that are important for living healthy lives. mother) at a young age. The results of experiments conducted in the laboratory may not replicate well, meaning that the results cannot be applied to real-world situations or to more general populations beyond the participants in the study. In 1932, in Tuskegee, Alabama, the U.S. Public Health Service began a research study to investigate the course of _____ in the human male. Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. The use of animals in research should be scientifically relevant and appropriate. Test. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Key structures of the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and hypothalamus. Check your understanding of characteristics of ethical research with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. Animals used in research should not be subjected to unnecessary pain and distress. How should researchers behave? Components. Even though the stroke disrupted some of Asha's language abilities, she was still able to appreciate music because her _____ was not damaged. Write. PSYC 571: Tests and Measurements (Harrisburg) Links to databases and other resources for finding psychological testing instruments. Ethical Standards for Research with Children Ethical Standards for Research with Children. A strain of primate is a chimpanzee, initial run through of the procedures to be used in an investigation, Creatures that are greatly interactive with other members of its species, Being seperated from a loved one (e.g. _____ wrote On the Origin of Species, which was published in _____. The painless killing of a patient from am incurable and painful disease. Which of the following results has NOT been reported in rats that were raised in an enriched environment as compared to rats raised in an impoverished environment? Dr. Jackson's approach is part of the _____ perspective. Gravity. PLAY. Created by. They argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take part. His friends joke that Randy seems addicted to exercise. Replacement (animal) animals should be replaced with invertebrates or less responsive alternatives whenever possible. Animal research requires the approval of an IACUC, and all animal facilities are subject to regular inspections to ensure that animals are being treated humanely. publish animal research require that the authors affirm that the research was done in accordance with particular ethical standards. BPS Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals. The attached document sets out the BPS guidelines for all members who are engaged in psychological activities involving living animals. Jordan_Young06. Create. Only $2.99/month. Tyler could benefit most from seeing a _____ psychologist. As a result, he may now be suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. In a study of children's reading abilities, one group of eight-year-olds was exposed to a new program that supposedly enhances literacy. Who would have been most likely to say: "You behave the way you do for unconscious reasons, not because of reasons in your consciousness"? D. apply only to research using monkeys and chimps. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Rejecting the study of conscious experience, Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow were behaviorists who emphasized the importance of observable behaviors. APA Ethical Guidelines for Research 8. Smith, D. (2003, January). Discuss the role of animal research in understanding human behaviour. What character traits should researchers cultivate as virtues? Write. Ethical self-examination involves a careful self-analysis of one's own personal and scientific motives. Professor Anderson is most likely a _____ psychologist. Limitations And Benefits Of Psychological Research On Animals: Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice. D) apply only to research using monkeys and chimps. Which of the following would violate ethical standards for psychological research? These neural pathways, made up of bundles of myelinated axons, are sometimes called: The primary function of the myelin sheath is to: Gerry is a professional athlete who has suffered multiple concussions during his career. According to the In Focus box, he is likely suffering from: Claude has suffered many head injuries during his long professional ice hockey career. Paper 1: Biological approach And, what character traits should researchers try to avoid? 506. Ethics and Law for School Psychologists is the single best source of authoritative information on the ethical and legal issues school psychologists face every day. B. are nonexistent. (Huffington Post) 2. B) are nonexistent. Apart of Ethics: Animal Research. _____ are the most abundant cells in the human brain. The American Psychological Association's Ethical Code cites that animals should be acquired, cared for, used, and disposed of in compliance with federal, state, and local laws. NHS research). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The receiving, or postsynaptic, neuron can have many differently shaped receptor sites on its dendrites, allowing it to receive more than one type of neurotransmitter. Towards an ethical use of animals. C. are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws. Reliability, Validity, and Ethics Search this Guide Search. Which gland produces melatonin, a hormone that helps to regulate our sleep-wake cycle? The 3Rs are: Replacement: methods which avoid or replace the use of animals in research; Reduction: use of methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals… In an experiment, the dependent variable is: The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on: After a car crash, Tyler was left with a number of chronic and disabling health conditions and was having trouble adjusting to the situation. STUDY. Spell. Breathing a sigh of relief, Paul let the cat out of the closet and went back to bed. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. Chimpanzee research achieved new levels of attention within both the public and scientific sphere in the last year. Although Franz Gall and the phrenologists were wrong about the significance of bumps on the skull, they were correct about the idea that different psychological functions are localized in different brain areas. A model of the cost-benefit analysis for animal research. According to the Focus on Neuroscience in Chapter 2, Randy's compulsive exercising: In synaptic transmission, the action potential stimulates the release of: Paul was awakened by a thumping noise in the middle of the night. Perhaps most visible among them is the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). It is important to adhere to ethical principles in order to protect the dignity, rights and welfare of research participants. In recent decades, increased interest in the _____ perspective has occurred due to the development of new drugs for psychological disorders and the development of new techniques to study the human brain. Psychoactive drugs can alter brain functioning by blocking neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons. For scientific research to be called truly progressive and ben… minimize harm and obtain informed consent minimize physical harm and minimize psychological harm Discuss the ethical standards for research that guide us today. Research and Publication 8.01 Institutional Approval When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. Who was the first person to be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States? The three R's. Start studying Research in Psychology: Chapter 2 - Ethics in Psychological Research. Research Ethics: Animal and Clinical Research When it comes to clinical research, many people think of clinical trials, but that’s only merely a small portion of a process towards a medical development involving a process call bench to the bedside. If theses effects are unavoidable, efforts should be made to minimize the extent and duration … Learn. Results of the study indicate that the children taught with the new program learned to read more complex material than the group who were exposed to standard teaching methods. During the last two decades, he has kept track of and repeatedly surveyed the same group of 3,000 participants about changes in their relationships with their parents and siblings. Ethical principles of Psychologydirect what should be focused in regards to ethics during a research. The guiding principle of these committees is … Members on the committee were Gary Dunbar, PhD, Jennifer Higa, PhD, Theresa Jones, PhD, Barbara Kaminski, PhD, Scott Robinson, PhD, Rodney Swain, PhD, Pamela Scott-Johnson, PhD, Eric Wiertelak, … The neuron's genetic material (DNA) is found in the nucleus of the neuron's cell body. NON-HARMFUL PROCEDURES: The investigator should use no research procedure that may harm the child either physically or psychologically. To what extent can animal models provide insight into human behaviour? Monitor on Psychology, 34(1) ... editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and co-author of "Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases" (Oxford University Press, 1998). Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: A. are identical to the standards for research using human participants. Random selection is a process by which participants are selected randomly from a larger group such that every group member has an equal chance of being included in the study. The British Psychological Society (BPS) and American Psychological Association (APA) have both issued a code of ethics in psychology that provides guidelines for the conduct of research. C) are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws. U.S. Suspends Use of Chimps in … Animals used in research should be maintained in a way that provides them with as much physical and psychological wellbeing as possible. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. Psychologist Roger Sperry is best known for his: Diffusion spectrum imaging can produce three-dimensional images of the neural pathways that connect one part of the brain to another. Flashcards. They conduct the research in accordance with the approved research protocol. The guiding principle of these committees is usually the 3 Rs. As a result of these cumulative traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), he is suffering various symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, poor judgment, lack of impulse control, and problems with memory, concentration, and attention. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. To promote greater tolerance and acceptance of cultural differences, ethnocentrism should be encouraged. Professor Anderson is interested in how family relationships change over time. Spell. 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