In the early 20th century, the city was represented by Dresdner SC, who were one of Germany's most successful clubs in football. It is currently the easternmost German city in-game. When the department store was new: Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, 291—Little Galleries of the Photo Secession, Joseph Stella, The Voice of the City of New York Interpreted. Among other things, the statement calls on strengthening democracy, protecting human rights and raising spending on (political) education. There are also other churches in Dresden, for example the Russian Orthodox St. Simeon of the Wonderful Mountain Church in the Südvorstadt district. The mayor was originally chosen by the city council, but since 1994 has been directly elected. The institutes are well connected among one other as well as with the academic education institutions.[116]. Since German reunification in 1990, Dresden has again become a cultural, educational and political centre of Germany and Europe. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, "Street, Berlin" Paula Modersohn-Becker, Self-Portrait Nude with Amber Necklace, Half-Length I. Emil Nolde, "Young Couple," 1913. (eds.). It was Germany's first garden city. No need to register, buy now! Today, the Hellerau reform architecture is recognized as exemplary. [105], The districts of Loschwitz and Weisser Hirsch are connected by the Dresden Funicular Railway, which has been carrying passengers back and forth since 1895.[106]. The controversial American and British bombing of Dresden in World War II towards the end of the war killed approximately 25,000 people, many of whom were civilians, and destroyed the entire city centre. Since 2015, the mayor has been Dirk Hilbert (FDP). The Sorbian language area begins east of the city, in Lusatia. Rüdiger Nern, Erich Sachße, Bert Wawrzinek. Dresden is the traditional location for army officer schooling in Germany, today carried out in the Offizierschule des Heeres. Archers • 1935-1937. [citation needed] Other artists, such as Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Otto Dix, Oskar Kokoschka, Richard Strauss, Gottfried Semper and Gret Palucca, were also active in the city. After large incorporations and city restoration, the population grew to 522,532 again between 1946 and 1983. As of 2018 about 50.0% of the population was female. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. On the way, great historical places and countless restaurants, cafes and bars. Dresden itself was a centre of the German Revolutions in 1848 with the May Uprising, which cost human lives and damaged the historic town of Dresden. It is the 12th most populous city of Germany, the fourth largest by area (following only Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne), and the third most populous city in the area of former East Germany, following only (East) Berlin and Leipzig. After German reunification the airport's infrastructure has been considerably improved. [a] Most of the city's population lives in the Elbe Valley, but a large, albeit very sparsely populated area of the city east of the Elbe lies in the West Lusatian Hill Country and Uplands (the westernmost part of the Sudetes) and thus in Lusatia, while many boroughs west of the Elbe lie in the foreland of the Ore Mountains as well as in the valleys of the rivers rising there and flowing through Dresden, the longest of which are the Weißeritz and the Lockwitzbach. The park of Pillnitz Palace is famous for its botanical treasures, including a more than 230-year-old Japanese camellia and about 400 potted plants.[84]. [citation needed] Firestorm: The Bombing of Dresden. [10] Dresden's founding and early growth is associated with the eastward expansion of Germanic peoples,[9] mining in the nearby Ore Mountains, and the establishment of the Margraviate of Meissen. [108], Thanks to the presence of public administration centres, a high density of semi-public research institutes and an extension of publicly funded high technology sectors, the proportion of highly qualified workers Dresden is again among the highest in Germany and by European criteria. Another statue is the memorial of Martin Luther in front of the Frauenkirche.[83]. View of Basel and the Rhine • 1927-1928. Get the most out of your experience by having a guide give you historical background information, as you … Important bridges crossing the Elbe river are the Blaues Wunder bridge and the Augustus Bridge. It has institutions of democratic local self-administration that are independent from the capital functions. The building is designed in an impressively monumental style, but employs plain façades and simple structures. The CDU and AfD voted against it. [5] According to the 2019 study by Forschungsinstitut Prognos, Dresden is one of the most dynamic regions in Germany. In Street, Berlin (1913), Kirchner depicts a busy street scene as men and women walk down the sidewalk. Following the Polish uprisings of 1831, 1848 and 1863 many Poles fled to Dresden, among others composer Frédéric Chopin. In 1998, a motorway access route was opened. The summers are warm, averaging 19.0 °C (66.2 °F) in July. OpenStreetMap is a map of the world, created by people like you and free to use under an open license. Two additional trenches, about 50 metres wide, have been built to keep the inner city free of water from the Elbe, by dissipating the water downstream through the inner city's gorge portion. Some of the ruins of churches, royal buildings and palaces, such as the Gothic Sophienkirche, the Alberttheater and the Wackerbarth-Palais, were razed by the Soviet and East German authorities in the 1950s and 1960s rather than being repaired. The quarters I, II, IV, V, VI and VIII have since been completed, with quarter III and quarter VII still partly under construction in 2020. … Read more. [88], There are several small cinemas presenting cult films and low-budget or low-profile films chosen for their cultural value. Dresden's Striezelmarkt is one of the largest Christmas markets in Germany and is considered the first genuine Christmas market in the world. The council gives orders to the mayor (German: Bürgermeister) via resolutions and decrees, and thus also has some degree of executive power.[56][57]. Dynamo Dresden won eight titles in the DDR-Oberliga. These include the Zwinger Royal Palace, the Japanese Palace, the Taschenbergpalais, the Pillnitz Castle and the two landmark churches: the Catholic Hofkirche and the Lutheran Frauenkirche. Looking at Jackson Pollock, The Painting Techniques of Jackson Pollock, Paint Application Studies of Jackson Pollock’s, The Painting Techniques of Barnett Newman, How Photographs of Poverty in the Americas Ignited an International Battle over Propaganda, Gerhard Richter, The Cage Paintings (1-6), Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott Building, A Landmark Decision: Penn Station, Grand Central, and the architectural heritage of NYC, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, Gordon Bunshaft for Skidmore Owings and Merrill, Lever House, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York City, Russel Wright, “American Modern” Pitchers, Glass Chair at the 1939 New York World’s Fair, Running in sneakers, the Judson Dance Theater, Breuer, The Whitney Museum of American Art (now The Met Breuer), Robert Venturi, House in New Castle County, Delaware, Zaha Hadid, MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts, https://smarthistory.org/kirchner-street-dresden/. Due to good performances, they have moved up several divisions and currently play in Germany's second division ProA. At this time, Kirchner painted several different street scenes that illustrated the chaos of city life and the relationship between men and women. Street, Dresden is Kirchner’s bold, discomfiting attempt to render the jarring experience of modern urban bustle. Their first opera house was the Opernhaus am Taschenberg, opened in 1667. The Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra is the orchestra of the city of Dresden. They were planned and constructed on the orders of the Saxon monarchs and many of them are named after Saxon sovereigns (e.g. [115], Dresden hosts many research institutes, some of which have gained an international standing. In the following years, the city became a major centre of economy, including motor car production, food processing, banking and the manufacture of medical equipment. Dresden hosts the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) which, according to the institution's own statements, place it among the most important museums presently in existence. The Dresden Heath is a large forest located in the northeast of Dresden and one of the city's most important recreation areas. [citation needed], Like many cities in Germany, Dresden is also home to a local court, has a trade corporation and a Chamber of Industry and Trade and many subsidiaries of federal agencies (such as the Federal Labour Office or the Federal Agency for Technical Relief). [104], The CarGoTram is a tram that supplies Volkswagen's Transparent Factory, crossing the city. The urban renewal process, which includes the reconstruction of the area around the Neumarkt square on which the Frauenkirche is situated, will continue for many decades, but public and government interest remains high, and there are numerous large projects underway—both historic reconstructions and modern plans—that will continue the city's recent architectural renaissance. The bombing of Dresden was a British-American aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, during World War II.In four raids between 13 and 15 February 1945, 722 heavy bombers of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and 527 of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the city. The Bundesautobahn 4 (European route E40) crosses Dresden in the northwest from west to east. [103] Many of the new low-floor vehicles are up to 45 metres long and produced by Bombardier Transportation in Bautzen. In 1990 Dresden had to struggle with the economic collapse of the Soviet Union and the other export markets in Eastern Europe. Dresden also has a few multiplex cinemas, of which the Rundkino is the oldest. [citation needed], Dresden has had a triangular partnership with Saint Petersburg and Hamburg since 1987. [101] In March 2001, a new terminal building was opened along with the underground S-Bahn station Dresden Flughafen, a multi-storey car park and a new aircraft handling ramp. Jawlensky, Young Girl in a Flowered Hat. Tourist map of center of Dresden, Germany. He was succeeded by Helma Orosz (CDU). [citation needed] The period of the GDR until 1990 was characterized by low economic growth in comparison to western German cities. [37][38], Dresden lies on both banks of the Elbe, mostly in the Dresden Basin, with the further reaches of the eastern Ore Mountains to the south, the steep slope of the Lusatian granitic crust to the north, and the Elbe Sandstone Mountains to the east at an altitude of about 113 metres (371 feet). The winters are slightly colder than the German average, with a January average temperature of 0.1 °C (32.18 °F), just preventing it from being a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Bathers on the Lawn • XIX-XX cent. The Opernhaus am Zwinger presented opera from 1719 to 1756, when the Seven Years' War began. The transparent factory is located not far from the city centre next to the city's largest park. The inner city of Dresden was largely destroyed. [60], Local affairs in Dresden often centre around the urban development of the city and its spaces. The population peaked at 649,252 in 1933, and dropped to 368,519 in 1945 because of World War II, during which large residential areas of the city were destroyed. The later Semperoper was completely destroyed during the bombing of Dresden during the second world war. Dresden is home to a number of renowned universities, but among German cities it is a more recent location for academic education. - Pferderennsport in Dresden", Homepage of the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, the public transport provider, Network maps of the public transport system, https://web.archive.org/web/20200412221256/http://www.neumarkt-dresden.de/, states of the Federal Republic of Germany, Institutional seats of the European Union, Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dresden&oldid=1002068920, Populated places established in the 12th century, Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 18:10. Compared to West Germany, the majority of historic buildings were saved. Until enterprises like Dresdner Bank left Dresden in the communist era to avoid nationalisation, Dresden was one of the most important German cities, an important industrial centre of the German Democratic Republic. Many parts still contain an old village core, while some quarters are almost completely preserved as rural settings. Sign In / Up. The garrison saw only limited use between 1918 and 1934, but was then reactivated in preparation for the Second World War. Each year on 13 February, the anniversary of the British and American fire-bombing raid that destroyed most of the city, tens of thousands of demonstrators gather to commemorate the event. [87] The Dresdner Kapellknaben are not related to the Staatskapelle, but to the former Hofkapelle, the Catholic cathedral, since 1980. [18] It had a capacity of up to 20,000 military personnel at the beginning of the First World War. [citation needed], Dresden is home to a military subdistrict command, but no longer has large military units as it did in the past. The Dresden Hauptbahnhof is situated at the southern end of Dresden's main shopping street, Prager Straße, and is a short walking distance from most central attractions in Old Town. [21][22] Non-Jews were also targeted, and over 1,300 people were executed by the Nazis at the Münchner Platz, a courthouse in Dresden, including labour leaders, undesirables, resistance fighters and anyone caught listening to foreign radio broadcasts. Kirchner and other Die Brücke artists were influenced by Nietzsche’s ideas about breaking apart morality and conventions in modern Germany. The city's historic Kreuzkirche was reconsecrated in 1388.[76]. The Titans' home arena is the Margon Arena. During the foundation of the German Empire in 1871, a large military facility called Albertstadt was built. The Dresdner Druck- und Verlagshaus (Dresden printing plant and publishing house) produces part of Spiegel's print run, amongst other newspapers and magazines. Way 87966005 as outer Way 421598299 as outer Way 38669323 as outer Way 55015001 as outer Way 38669464 as outer Way 382551085 as outer Way 382551083 as outer Way 335076813 as outer Way 335076812 as outer Way 38669594 as outer Way 38680594 as outer Way 38680593 as … It ranks at number 41 of all 401 German regions and second of all regions in former East Germany (only surpassed by Jena).[109][110][111]. [citation needed], In 2019, Dresden had the seventh-best future prospects of all cities in Germany, after being ranked fourth in 2017. Visual Analysis. Flood regulation systems like detention basins and water reservoirs are almost all outside the city area. Dresden has a third football team SC Borea Dresden. 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