The first march was inspired by the unfortunate shooting and subsequential death of activist Jimmie Lee Jackson. Many African-Americans could not vote because of the insanely high discriminatory prerequisites they needed to overcome to do so. Led by Hosea Williams, one of King’s SCLC lieutenants, and Lewis, some 600 demonstrators walked, two by two, the six blocks to the Edmund Pettus Bridge that crossed the Alabama River and led out of Selma. peaceful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama March 7, 1965 the pivotal They got only as far as the Edmund Pettus Bridge six blocks away, where state and local lawmen attacked them with billy clubs and tear gas and drove them back into Selma. March 25, 1965. From the archive: ... Selma bridge rename has critics. Hosea Williams and John Lewis confront troopers, March 7, 1965. Spider Martin: "There had been a two-minute warning, but like the old song went, 'There ain't no turning me 'round.' Powerful, iconic images chronicling the historic 1965 civil rights marches from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama by Spider Martin, James Baker and Charles Moore on the 50th anniversary In March 1965 Selma was the centre of an African American voter-registration drive led by Martin Luther King, Jr. Local violence against civil rights activists, culminating in an attack by police on demonstrators crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge over the river and the murder of James J. Reeb, a Boston clergyman, led to a massive nonviolent protest march from Selma to Montgomery, the state capital. They served a considerable purpose because they did manage to shed light on racial injustice, and it finally led to the Voting Rights Act. While King was in Atlanta, his SCLC colleague Hosea Williams and SNCC leader John Lewis led the march. The event of Martin Luther King Jr. turning around on the bridge in Selma happened during one of the Selma to Montgomery marches. The third march, with the protection of 2,000 soldiers supplied by President Lyndon B. Johnson, makes its way through Lowndes Country under armed guard. Three women singing songs as they walk toward Montgomery. These three marches were protests that were held in 1965. State police wearing gas masks fire tear gas at the marchers and then charge them a second time, 1965. Copyright © 2021 CBS Interactive Inc.All rights reserved. Spider Martin: "Amelia Boynton Robinson was beaten unconscious by a state trooper. The series and its producer won six Emmies, the Peabody Award, and the duPont-Columbia Gold Baton award for excellence in journalism, and it was nominated for an Academy Award. This was the third, ultimately successful march that began March 21 with marchers arriving in Montgomery five days later. The second march was the most well-known one because Martin Luther King Jr led it. "Marching on the streets of Montgomery after the rain had ceased. This was just the start of the events that led to these three marches. The Edmund Pettus Bridge, which straddles the Alabama River, marks the site of one of the major turning points in the Civil Rights Movement, the Selma to Montgomery march. The Selma March 1965 exhibition runs from March 5 to April 18, 2015. This picture was picked up by the Associated Press and ran all over the world. The reason why the activists organized these marches was to fight for their constitutional right to vote. As they were preparing to demonstrate in front of the State capitol, a mounted posse attacked them, March 16, 1965. African-Americans were not allowed to vote back then, and these marches aimed to change that. On March 7, 1965, a day that would come to be known as "Bloody Sunday," some 600 marchers began the 54-mile journey from Selma to Montgomery to demand voting rights. Biden administration says no. “The first 10 or 20 Negroes were swept to the ground screaming, arms and legs flying and packs and bags went skittering across the grassy divider strip and on to the pavement on both sides,” The Times wrote. of Education extends student loan payment freeze, Who leads federal agencies until Senate confirms Biden's nominees, Climate activists expect a lot from Biden and aren't afraid to say so, Joe Biden's "Day One" actions and his promises for his first 100 days, California Privacy/Information We Collect. the era - Spider Martin, Charles Moore and James Barker - commemorating the three historic By the time of the third march President Lyndon B. Johnson, pushed by the images of brutality in Alabama and by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr, had introduced the Voting Rights Act to Congress, which became law later in the year. The marchers made their way through Selma across the Edmund Pettus Bridge, where they faced a blockade of state troopers and local lawmen commanded by Clark and Major John Cloud, who ordered the marchers to disperse. Photo: Reflection of Brown Chapel AME Church in Selma, Alabama, the starting point for the marches in 1965. I ate the pudding' and then went back to work, March 7, 1965. These organizations did their best in order to try and register black voters. Seeger was invited by Martin Luther King, Jr. to join the march protests to lift people's spirit. Being in Selma so soon after he crossed The Edmund Pettus Bridge for the final time was surreal. The Steven Kasher Gallery in New York has put Bloody Sunday: Civil Rights Protestors Brutally Attacked in Selma Video | Los Angeles Times On March 7, 1965, state and local police used billy clubs, whips, and tear gas to attack hundreds of civil rights protesters beginning a march from Selma, Alabama, to the state capitol in Montgomery. He did so as a symbolic gesture. The televised attacks were seen all over the nation, prompting public support for the civil rights activists in Selma and for the voting rights campaign. On March 7, 1965, 600 marchers began making their way from Selma to Montgomery. After a ten-minute snack - turnip greens, corn bread, black eyed peas, pork chops and iced sweet tea - in the projects, I opened my savior's apartment door and looked out at this Dallas County posse person. I come to say to you this afternoon however difficult the moment, however frustrating the hour, it will not be long.". I had friends in the Vietnam War who saw the picture with my name on it in the local Saigon newspaper." ", March 24, 1965. The fight for equality is still ongoing, and the position of African Americans has somewhat improved, but they are still being discriminated against. When they stood in place, the troopers charged at them. The clashes didn’t discourage King: he organised two other marches shortly after. Selma is a 2014 historical drama film directed by Ava DuVernay and written by Paul Webb. March 9, 1965 - Unitarian … Edmund Pettus for those that don’t know was an officer in the Confederate Army, a grand dragon of the Ku Klux Klan and a senator from Alabama. King told the crowd, "The end we seek is a society at peace with itself, a society that can live with its conscience. She was so tired, my flash didn't wake her.". 1  John Lewis and Hosea Williams led the demonstrators during this action. The Selma Movement is saying today that we all can doing something. LeRoy Collins, the governor of Florida, suggested he should first pray as he arrives on the bridge, and then turn around and lead all of the protesters back to Selma in an attempt to get a symbolic accomplishment of crossing the bridge while keeping everyone safe. Throughout the American South, there was a much larger movement that was connected with the battle for voting rights, and these marches were a vital part of those protests. Other singers including Harry Belafonte and Joan Baez also participated and helped bring national attention to the cause of voting rights as well as the horrors of Jim Crow segregation. March 21, 1965. Why Did Martin Luther King Turn Around On The Bridge In Selma? It was wet on this day, but the singing of 'We Shall Overcome' kept up everyone's spirits." On "Bloody Sunday", marchers pass over the Edmund Pettus Bridge, March 7, 1965. She was awarded the Martin Luther King, Jr. Freedom Medal in 1990. Rename Selma Alabama’s Edmund Pettus Bridge for Civil ... Alice Moore on marching over Edmund Pettus Bridge with ... From the archive: John Lewis and the bridge - CBS News. Martin Luther KIng turned around on the second march from Selma to Montgomery. Hosea Williams, the other march leader who was beside Lewis that … The main goal was to fight for the constitutional right to vote for African-Americans. The hearse paused atop the bridge over the Alabama River as the cicadas sang in the summer heat. By CBSNews.com photo editor Radhika Chalasani, Credit: Spider Martin/Courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery. Dept. However, once the marches started, they could not be stopped. marches of 1965 on the 50th anniversary. The marchers stood their ground, but were beaten down like dominoes.". This act prohibited racial discrimination in voting and allowed everyone to vote. The Kings lead thousands of people in the final stage of the third and final march through downtown Montgomery to the steps of the capitol after the five-day, 54-mile march from Selma, Alabama, March 25, 1965. Segregation was still going strong in the South, and something needed to be done. 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